The SAT is a standardized test widely used for college admissions in the United States. Since it was debuted by the College Board in 1926, its name and scoring have changed several times; originally called the Scholastic Aptitude Test, it was later called the Scholastic Assessment Test, then the SAT I: Reasoning Test, then the SAT Reasoning Test, then simply the SAT.
The SAT is wholly owned, developed, and published by the College Board, a private, not-for-profit organization in the United States. It is administered on behalf of the College Board by the Educational Testing Service, which until recently developed the SAT as well. The test is intended to assess students' readiness for college. The SAT was originally designed not to be aligned with high school curricula, but several adjustments were made for the version of the SAT introduced in 2016, and College Board president, David Coleman, has said that he also wanted to make the test reflect more closely what students learn in high school with the new Common Core standards.
The SAT takes three hours to finish, plus 50 minutes for the SAT with essay, and as of 2019 costs US$49.50(Rs 3759.40) (US$64.50(Rs 4898.50) with the optional essay), excluding late fees, with additional processing fees if the SAT is taken outside the United States.

SAT Basics



SAT Length

3 hours (plus 50 minutes if taking optional Essay)

SAT Sections

  • Math
  • Evidence-Based Reading and Writing 
  • Essay (optional)

SAT Cost

$46 ($60 if taking SAT with Essay)

Highest SAT Score


Average SAT Score


How long is the SAT?

The SAT is 3 hours long. If you choose to take the SAT with Essay, the test will be 3 hours and 50 minutes.

How is the SAT scored?

Each section of the SAT is scored on a 200 to 800 point scale. Your total SAT score is the sum of your section scores. The highest possible SAT score is 1600. If you take the Essay, you will receive a separate score