Geology and Geophysics
Geology and Geophysics
Geology is the study of the Earth. It includes composition and material, structure, processes, and history. Geology encompasses several special areas of study, including at least the following.
Geochemistry is the study of the distribution of chemicals in the Earth and atmosphere. Geomorphology is the study of landforms and underlying structures. Historical Geology is the study of the Earth’s evolution. Paleobotany is the study of plant life in the geologic past. Paleogeography is the study of Physical Geology in the geologic past. Paleontology is the study of past life observed in the geologic record (fossils). Physical Geology is the study of processes, materials and morphology of the Earth. Sedimentology is the study of sediment deposition. Stratigraphy is the study of relationships of rock strata. Structural Geology is the study of geologic structures such as faults and folds. Tectonics deals with large scale Earth structures such as tectonic plates and its deep interior. Volcanology is the study of volcanoes and volcanic processes.